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Publications & Documents

2017 Employee Benefits: Remaining Competitive in a Challenging Talent Marketplace

In January and February 2017, the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) conducted its annual survey of U.S. employers to gather information on more than 300 employee benefits. The survey asked human resource professionals if their organizations formally offered any of the listed benefits to their employees. This report examines the prevalence of benefits over the past five years to track trends and understand the benefits landscape in the current talent marketplace.Organizations can use data in this report to help inform their benefits strategy.

Comparative Biology of Cycad Pollen, Seed and Tissue - A Plant Conservation Perspective

Cycads are the most endangered of plant groups based on IUCN Red List assessments; all are in Appendix I or II of CITES, about 40% are within biodiversity ‘hotspots,’ and the call for action to improve their protection is longstanding. We contend that progress in this direction will not be made until there is better understanding of cycad pollen, seed and tissue biology, which at the moment is limited to relatively few (<10%) species.

Navigating nature, culture and education in contemporary botanic gardens

Increasingly, humans are an urban species prone to ‘plant blindness’. This demographic shift and situation has implications for both individual and collective perceptions of nature, as well as for addressing ‘ecophobia’ and encouraging ‘biophilia’ through education. Contemporary humanity occupies a world in which extensive physical change, both in the landscape and its related organisms, is occurring . Education-related debates on these issues links to the noted phenomenon of a ‘bubble wrap generation’ growing up within ‘nature-deficit’ childhoods in ‘megalopolitan cities’.

BGCI Technical Review: The economic, social and environmental impacts of botanic gardens

For the purposes of this study, we have broadly categorised the results of the activities of botanic gardens into economic, social and environmental impacts. Wherever possible, this Technical Review has highlighted case studies where impact evaluation studies have been carried out by objective, third parties - usually auditors, consultants or academics. The results of such studies are useful to policymakers and funders because they enable decision makers to weigh up the cost: benefit ratio or return on investment associated with particular activities carried out by botanic gardens.

California Biodiversity Initiative: A Roadmap for Protecting the State’s Natural Heritage

This Initiative and Roadmap embrace these broad goals:

• Secure the future of all existing native California species, with an emphasis on those that are not found anywhere else.

• Secure all California ecosystem types, establishing goals that are consistent with global commitments under The Convention on Biological Diversity. A starting point is to: Protect 20 percent of each terrestrial, freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystem type; and, to Recover and restore 15 percent of each ecosystem type from its degraded or disturbed status.

International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants

This ninth edition of this Code maintains the overall format and style of the eighth (2009) edition and whilst the general order of the Articles remains the same, some alteration to numbering within the Articles has been made to take into account the addition or removal of some provisions. A comparative key listing changes in numbering within the Rules, Notes, Recommendations and Divisions between the 2009 edition and the current edition is provided on page xii. 

The Development of a Thirteen Year Research-Practice Partnership: How the School District, Eight Cultural Institutions, and University Participants Collaborate to Support New York City Science Teachers and Learners

This paper examines Urban Advantage, a thirteen-year partnership in New York City, between eight cultural institutions (botanical gardens among them) and the Department of Education, as a ‘case’ of a long-lasting research practice partnership that has had a positive impact upon both student outcomes and teacher retention. The paper describes its evolution, with a focus on the needs and strengths of all partners.

Banking on the future: progress, challenges and opportunities for the genetic conservation of forest trees

Genetic diversity provides the essential basis for the adaptation and resilience of tree species to environmental stress and change. The genetic conservation of tree species is an urgent global necessity as forest conversion and fragmentation continue apace, damaging insects and pathogens are transported between continents, and climate change alters local habitat suitability.

Integrating invasive species policies across ornamental horticulture supply chains to prevent plant invasions

Ornamental horticulture is the primary pathway for invasive alien plant introductions. This paper critically appraises published evidence on the effectiveness of four policy instruments that tackle invasions along the horticulture supply chain: pre- border import restrictions, post- border bans, industry codes of conduct and consumer education. 

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