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Postcards from the Field: The Role of Partnership and Horticulture in Plant Conservation in South-Eastern United States of America

Increasingly, botanic gardens and arboreta are highlighted as effective partners to conserve plant species diversity and restore natural communities at a time when the need for these activities has become more urgent. Capacity for restoration and conservation at botanic gardens comes directly from staff expertise for horticulture and research. Botanic gardens make good partners for connecting botanical science with conservation practice.

Preventing Workplace Harrassment

Harassment is a form of employment discrimination that may violate federal laws like Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued a list of best practices for employers to use in their workplaces to prevent harassment.

Differences make a difference: Diversity in social learning and value creation

Prior research has demonstrated that CEOs learn privileged information from their social connections. Going beyond the importance of the number of social ties in a CEO's social network, this paper studies the value generated from a diverse social environment. Overall, the evidence suggests that CEOs' exposure to human diversity enhances social learning and creates greater growth opportunities for firms.

Service Animals and Public Gardens

Many individuals with disabilities use a service animal in order to fully participate in everyday life. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), with guidance published through the Department of Justice (DOJ), continue to answer questions on service animals in public places. The ADA requires that state and local government agencies, businesses, and non profit organizations that provide goods or services to the public to make “reasonable modifications” in their policies, practices or procedures to accommodate individuals with disabilities.

Estimating the Size and Impact of the Ecological Restoration Economy

Domestic public debate continues over the economic impacts of environmental regulations that require environmental restoration. This debate has occurred in the absence of broadscale empirical research on economic output and employment resulting from environmental restoration, restoration-related conservation, and mitigation actions—the activities that are part of what is termed the “restoration economy.” This article provides a high-level accounting of the size and scope of the restoration economy in terms of employment, value added, and overall economic output on a national scale.

An Update on New and Emerging Pests in the Pacific Northwest

Foresters and horticulturists should be aware of the risks of invasive species and should be updated on a regular basis regarding emerging pest threats. In the Pacific Northwest, many new potential threats to natural landscapes and forests have emerged. This article discusses several emerging pest issues of concern for landscapes, forests, and crops grown in the Pacific Northwest. 

A Reforestation Profile of the U.S. Virgin Islands

This article profiles past and present deforestation and reforestation in the U.S. Virgin Islands, along with the geography and ecology of the three islands. The islands of St. Thomas and St. John form one ecological and cultural unit, whereas St. Croix, located approximately 40 mi to the south, makes up another unit. Different periods of human occupation have left their marks on the islands, including extinctions and introductions of plant and animal species. Owing to the small size and population density of the U.S.

The Role of Botanical Gardens in the Conservation of Cactaceae

Over 75% of all species of cacti are in decline, largely because of global environmental changes (GEC), including climate change. Mitigating the impacts of GEC on cacti will require a coordinated effort that combines conservation, research, and education. Botanical gardens are uniquely positioned to lead such an effort because their living collections and programs focus on conservation and research. A coordinated network of botanical gardens—with living collections serving as experimental gardens—could become a crucial hub for studying the impacts of climate change on cacti.

Generalized provisional seed zones for native plants

Deploying well-adapted and ecologically appropriate plant materials is a core component of successful restoration projects. The USDA Forest Service has developed generalized provisional seed zones that can be applied to any plant species in the United States to help guide seed movement. These seed zones are based on the intersection of high-resolution climatic data for winter minimum temperature and aridity (as measured by annual heat : moisture index), each classified into discrete bands. This results in the delineation of 64 provisional seed zones for the continental United States.

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